މޮންގޯލިއާ

ވިކިޕީޑިއާ އިން
ފުންމަވާ: ސަމުގާ, ހޯއްދަވާ
Mongolia
Monggol ulus.svg
Монгол улс
Mongol uls
Anthem"Монгол улсын төрийн дуулал"
National anthem of Mongolia
Capital
(and largest city)
Ulan Bator
47°55′N 106°53′E / 47.917°N 106.883°E / 47.917; 106.883
Official languages Mongolian
Demonym Mongolian[1]
Government Semi-presidential republic
 -  President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
 -  Prime Minister Sükhbaataryn Batbold
Formation
 -  Formation of the Mongol Empire 1206 
 -  Independence declared (from Qing Dynasty) December 29, 1911 
Area
 -  Total 1,564,115.75 km2 (19th)
603,909 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.43[2]
Population
 -  December 2009 estimate 2 736 800[3] (140th)
 -  2000 census 2,407,500[4] 
 -  Density 1.75/km2 (236th)
5.03/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 (preliminary) estimate
 -  Total $8.4 billion[5] (115)
 -  Per capita $3,400[6] (160th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $5.243 billion[7] 
 -  Per capita $1,975[7] 
Gini (2002) 32.8 (medium
HDI (2007) Green Arrow Up Darker.svg 0.727[8] (medium) (115th)
Currency Tögrög (MNT)
Time zone (UTC+7 to +8[9][10])
Date formats yyyy.mm.dd (CE)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .mn
Calling code 976
  1. "Mongol" is often used almost synonymously, but is usually not understood to include minorities like Kazakhs or Tuvans.
  2. Official landuse balanse data (2007)
  3. Social and economic situation of Mongolia (As of the preliminary result of 2009)
  4. Mongolian National Statistical Office Yearbook 2002
  5. Human Development Report 2009
  6. The World Fact Book
  7. 7.0 7.1 Mongolia. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved on 2009-10-01.
  8. Human Development Report 2009. Human development index trends: Table G. The United Nations. Retrieved on 2009-10-05.
  9. "Mongolia Standard Time is GMT (UTC) +8, some areas of Mongolia use GMT (UTC) + 7" (Time Temperature.com). Retrieved on 2007-09-30.
  10. "The Mongolian government has chosen not to move to Summer Time" (World Time Zone.com). Retrieved on 2007-09-30.