މިނިވަން ދުވަސް

ވިކިޕީޑިއާ އިންވިކިޕީޑިއާ
ފުންމަވާ: ސަމުގާ, ހޯއްދަވާ

މިނިވަން ދުވަހަކީ އަޅުވަތިކަމުން ސަލާމަތްވާ ދުވަސް ފާހަގަކުރުމުގެ ގޮތުންފާހަގަ ކުރާދުވަހެކެވެ. މާޒީގެތެރެއިން ސަފްޙާ ތަކައް ނަޒަރުހިންގާލާއިރު، ކޮލޯނިއަލިޒަމް އޭ މިކިޔާ އިސްތިއުމާރުގެ ދަވަސްވަރު ބާރުގަދަ ޤައުމުތަކުން ހަންފަތުރާފައި ނުވަތަ އަތްގަދަކޮއްފައިވާ ނިކަމެތި ޤައުމުތައް މިނިވަންވީ އެކިއެކި ދުވަސްތައް މިނިވަން ދުވަހުގެ ގޮތުގައި ފާހަގަކޮއް އުޅެއެވެ. އެއްބައި ޤައުމުތަކުގައި މިދުވަސް ޤއުމީ ބަންދު ދުވަހެއްކަމުގައި ހަދާފައި ވާއިރު އަނެއްބަޔަކު ކުލަގަދަ ޢީދެއް ކަމުގައި ދެކެއެވެ.

ތިރީގައި އެވަނީ ދުނިޔޭގެ އެކިއެކި ކަންކޮޅުތަކުގައި މިނިވަން ދުވަސް ފާހަގަކުރާ ދުވަސް ތަކެވެ:

ޤައުމު ތާރީޙް ޙާދިސާ
Afghanistan އޯގަސްޓް 19 Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919.
Albania November 28 (Dita e Pavarësisë) Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signalled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule.
Algeria July 5 Independence from France in 1962.
Andorra March 14 Independence from France and Spain in 1993.
Angola November 11 Portugal grants independence to its former colony in 1975.
Antigua and Barbuda November 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
Argentina July 9 Independence declared from Spain in 1816.
Armenia September 21 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Austria May 15 Independence from United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and France in 1955.
Azerbaijan October 18 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Bahamas July 10 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.
Bahrain އޯގަސްޓް 15 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
Bangladesh March 26 Independence was declared from Pakistan and this led to a nine month war ending on December 16, 1971.
Barbados November 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Belarus July 3 Liberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944.
Belgium July 21 (Belgian revolution) Arrival of first king (Leopold of Saxen-Coburg) on Belgian territory in 1831.
Belize September 21 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
Benin އޯގަސްޓް 1 Independence from France in 1960.
Bolivia އޯގަސްޓް 6 Independence from Spain in 1825.
Bosnia and Herzegovina March 1 Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
Botswana September 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Brazil September 7 (Sete de Setembro) Declared Independence from Portugal on that date in 1822. Not recognized until August 29, 1825.
Brunei January 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1984
Bulgaria September 22 De jure independence from Ottoman Empire in 1908
Burkina Faso އޯގަސްޓް 5 Independence from France in 1960
Burundi July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962
Canada July 1 (Canada Day/Fête du Canada) Autonomy (but not independence) from the United Kingdom in 1867


Cape Verde Islands July 5 (Cape Verde Independence Day) Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Chad އޯގަސްޓް 11 Independence from France in 1960.
Chile February 12 Declared Independence from Spain on that date in 1818. In actuality, Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18. This date was not recognized as until 25 April 1844.


Colombia July 20 and އޯގަސްޓް 7 Independence from Spain in 1810.
Democratic Republic of the Congo June 30 Independence from Belgium in 1960.
Costa Rica September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Croatia October 8 Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Czech Republic October 28 As Czechoslovakia, marking restored independence from Austria-Hungary in 1918.
Cyprus އޯގަސްޓް 16 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1960.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea and Republic of Korea އޯގަސްޓް 15 Japanese surrender in World War II (1945).
Dominican Republic February 27 Independence from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
East Timor May 20 Independence from Indonesia in 2002.
Ecuador August 10 and May 24 Proclaimed independence from Spain in August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement in August 2, 1810. Independence finally occurred in May 24, 1822 at Battle of Pichincha.
Eritrea May 24 Independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
Estonia February 24 Independence from the Bolshevist Russia in 1918.
Finland December 6 Independence from Russia in 1917.
The Gambia February 18 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
Georgia May 26 Independence from Russia in 1918.
Ghana March 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
Greece March 25 Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence


Guatemala September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Guyana May 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Haiti January 1 Independence from France in 1804.
Honduras September 15 Independence from Kingdom of Spain in 1821.
Iceland June 17 Independence from Kingdom of Denmark in 1944.
India އޯގަސްޓް 15 Independence gained after transfer of power from the United Kingdom in 1947.
Indonesia އޯގަސްޓް 17 Proclamation of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from the Netherlands. Independence from Japan in 1945.
Israel 5 Iyar (Yom Ha'atzmaut) celebrated on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to that date, so could actually occur between 3rd and 6th of Iyar, which could occur between April 15 and May 15. The Gregorian date in which Israeli independence was proclaimed is May 14, 1948 (from the British Mandate of Palestine).
Jamaica އޯގަސްޓް 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Jordan May 25 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
Kazakhstan December 16 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Kenya December 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963.
Korea, North September 9 Founding of the DPRK in 1948.
Korea, South އޯގަސްޓް 15 (Gwangbokjeol) Independence from Japan in 1945.
Kuwait January 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Kyrgyzstan އޯގަސްޓް 31 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Latvia November 18 Independence from Russia in 1918.
Lebanon November 22 Independence from France in 1943.
Lesotho October 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Liberia July 26 Independence in 1847.
Lithuania February 16


March 11

Independence from Russia and Germany in 1918.


Independence from the Soviet Union in 1990.

Madagascar June 26 Independence from France in 1960.
Malawi July 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Malaysia އޯގަސްޓް 31 (Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957
Maldives July 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965
Mali September 22 Independence from France in 1960
Malta September 21 (Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Mauritius March 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Mexico September 16 (Grito de Dolores) Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27 1821
Moldova އޯގަސްޓް 27 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Mongolia November 26 Independence from China on July 11, 1921
Montenegro May 21 Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006
Morocco March 2 Independence from France and Spain in 1956
Mozambique June 25 Independence from Portugal in 1975
Myanmar January 4 Independence from United Kingdom in 1948
Namibia March 21 Independence from South African mandate in 1990
Nicaragua September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
Niger އޯގަސްޓް 3 Independence from France in 1960
Nigeria October 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1960
Norway June 7 Independence from Sweden in 1905. Commonly celebrated on May 17, the Constitution Day set by signing of the Norwegian Constitution at Eidsvoll in 1814.
Pakistan އޯގަސްޓް 14 (Yaum e Azadi) Independence from the United Kingdom.
Panama November 28 Independence from Spain in 1821. The 1903 separation from Colombia is also celebrated (on November 3, Separation Day).
Papua New Guinea September 16 Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975.
Paraguay May 15 (Día de Independencia) Independence from Spain in 1811.
Peru July 28 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Philippines June 12 (Araw ng Kalayaan) Independence from Spain in 1898.
Poland November 11 (Święto Niepodległości) Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia.
Portugal December 1 Restoration of Portugal's independence (from Spain) in 1640.

The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) was recognized on 5 October of 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separated entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580-1640.

Puerto Rico See Puerto Rican Independence Party Under Declarative Theory of Independence, see separate independence declaration dates in 1868 and 1950 at
Qatar September 3 Independence from United Kingdom in 1971.
Republic of Ireland December 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1922.
Republic of Macedonia September 8/May 25 (Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста) Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Romania May 9 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
Russia June 12 (Russia Day)
Rwanda July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
São Tomé and Príncipe July 12 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Serbia February 15 The beginning of the First Uprising against Ottoman occupation in 1804.
Seychelles 29 June Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
Singapore އޯގަސްޓް 9 (National Day) marks exit / separation from Malaysia in 1965.
Slovakia July 17 Declaration of Independence (only a remembrance day), but the independence came only on January 1, 1993 from the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
Slovenia December 26 (Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia.
South Africa December 11 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931. Not a public holiday. Union of South Africa formed on 31 May, 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on 31 May, 1961
Sri Lanka February 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948.
Suriname November 25 Independence from The Netherlands in 1975.
Swaziland September 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Sweden June 6 Independence from Danish annexation in 1523.
Switzerland އޯގަސްޓް 1 Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
Tajikistan September 9 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Tanzania December 9 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1961.
Trinidad and Tobago އޯގަސްޓް 31 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Tonga June 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1970.
Tunisia March 20 Declaration of independence from France in 1956.
Turkey October 29 Declared independence (i.e. dissolved the Ottoman Empire) in 1923.
Ukraine އޯގަސްޓް 24 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
United Arab Emirates December 2 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
United States of America July 4 (Fourth of July) Declaration of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776.
Uruguay އޯގަސްޓް 25 (Día de la Independencia) Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825.
Uzbekistan September 1 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Venezuela July 5 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
Vietnam September 2 Declaration of independence from France in 1945.
Yemen November 30 South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.
Zambia October 24 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1964.
Zimbabwe April 18 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1980.